What magnetic inductive flowmeter is used to measure hot water flow

Time: 2024-07-03
Equipment Configuration:magnetic inductive flow meter

Hot water flow meter is one of the instruments often used in hot water flow measurement. There are many kinds of hot water flow meters according to the working principle, when selecting the type, you need to choose the appropriate flow meter according to the actual working conditions.

Project Overview

  Let's talk about some of the flow meters commonly used in hot water flow measurement.

  一、Magnetic inductive flowmeter

  Magnetic inductive flowmeter is a flow measurement instrument that works based on the principle of electromagnetic induction. It consists of a sensor and a transmitter.

  Magnetic inductive flowmeter basic principle is: in general non-conductive materials made of pipes outside, installed a pair of magnetic poles N and S, to generate a magnetic field. When the conductive liquid flows through the pipe, because the fluid cuts the magnetic lines of force and produced a magnetic susceptibility to electromotive force, this induction of electric potential by the perpendicular direction of the magnetic poles and the two electrodes lead, when the strength of the magnetic field is unchanged, a certain diameter of the pipeline, the size of this induction potential is only with the flow rate of flow rate, the size of the induction potential is transmitted to the display instrumentation, it can be read out the flow rate.


  •   1. There are no moving parts or resisting fluids in the measuring conduit, resulting in low pressure loss and no mechanical inertia, making it highly responsive;
  •   2. Wide measurable range: the range ratio is generally 10:1, up to 100:1, the flow rate range is generally 1-6m/s, which can be extended to 0.5-10m/s; the flow rate range can be from 90mL/h to more than 100,000m3/h; the pipe diameter range can be from 2mm to 2400mm or 3000mm;
  •   3. It can measure the volume flow of liquids containing solid particles, suspensions or acids, alkalis, salt solutions, etc. with a certain conductivity, as well as the pulsating flow, and can carry out bi-directional measurements;
  •   4. Flow signal and fluid volume flow between the linear relationship, so the instrument has a uniform scale; and the volume of fluid flow and the physical properties of the medium, flow state has nothing to do, so the electromagnetic flowmeter only need to calibrate with water, can be used to measure the volume flow of other conductive liquids without correction;
  •   5. The front straight section requirement is low compared to most other flow meters.


  •   1. The operating temperature and pressure must not be too high;
  •   2. It has a limited range of applications and cannot be used to measure the flow of non-conductive fluids such as gases, vapors, and petroleum products, and fluids that contain a high number of larger air bubbles;
  •   3. Large measurement errors will occur when the flow rate and velocity distribution do not meet the set conditions;
  •   4. When the flow rate is too low, it is more difficult to amplify and measure the induced potential that is an order of magnitude in the direction of the interfering signal, and the meter is also susceptible to zero drift;
  •   5. Electromagnetic flowmeter signal is relatively weak, a slight external interference can affect the accuracy of measurement.

  二、Turbine flow meters

  Turbine flowmeter is also called softened water flowmeter, turbine flowmeter, with high accuracy, good repeatability, compact and lightweight structure, large flow capacity and other convenient advantages. Turbine flowmeter as a lightweight and convenient type of water flowmeter, according to the measurement of different media is divided into gas and liquid two kinds of measuring instruments, is widely used in the oil, natural gas, organic or inorganic liquids, gas and other media measurements, in the liquefied petroleum, large-scale crude oil transshipment, gathering and transportation station are common its figure, usually used for trade settlement.

  三、Ultrasonic flowmeter

  Ultrasonic flow meter is through the detection of fluid flow on the ultrasonic beam (or ultrasonic pulse) to measure the volume flow meter.

  Principle of operation: sound waves propagate in the fluid, the downstream direction of the sound wave propagation speed will increase, against the direction of the flow is reduced, the same propagation distance has a different propagation time. Propagation time method is the use of propagation speed difference and the relationship between the measured liquid flow rate to obtain the flow rate, and combined with the diameter of the pipe to obtain the flow rate.


  •   1. Ultrasonic flowmeter can be used for non-contact measurement, clamp-on transducer ultrasonic flowmeter can be installed without stopping the flow of the carrier pipe, as long as the pipeline to be measured outside the installation of the transducer can be, that is, can not be disconnected or can not be punched in the existing pipeline with ultrasonic flowmeter to measure the flow;
  •   2. Ultrasonic flowmeter for no flow resistance coping measurement, no additional pressure loss;
  •   3. Measuring instrument coefficients can be calculated from the actual measurement of the pipe and sound channel and other geometric dimensions, you can use the dry calibration, in addition to the measurement of the pipe section with the general need for real flow calibration;
  •   4. Ultrasonic flowmeter for large round and rectangular pipe, and the principle of the pipe diameter is not limited, its cost is basically unrelated to the pipe diameter;
  •   5. Doppler ultrasonic flow meters can measure liquids with a high solid phase content or containing air bubbles.


  •   1. The ultrasonic flowmeter in the propagation time method can only be used for clean liquids and gases, and cannot measure liquids with suspended particles and bubbles exceeding a certain range; on the contrary, the Doppler method LSF can only be used to measure liquids containing a certain amount of heterogeneous phases;
  •   2. External clamped transducer ultrasonic flowmeter can not be used for lining or scaling is very thick pipeline, and can not be used for lining (or rust) and inner pipe peeling (if the sandwich gas will seriously attenuate the ultrasonic signal) or corrosion is serious (to change the ultrasonic path) of the pipeline;
  •   3. The Doppler method of ultrasonic flowmeter in most cases does not measure a high number of degrees;
  •   4. Cannot be used for pipe diameter less than DN25mm.

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